Fibroids are normally found growing in the uterus. These fibroids that grow in the uterus are classified depending on their position in the uterus. Some fibroids grow in the lining of the uterus and some grow very close to the womb. Myometrial fibroids are those that grow towards the muscular walls of the uterus. The cells comprising the uterine wall are called the myometrium and hence, the fibroids accumulating in this region are called myometrial fibroids. Myometrial fibroids are also made up of similar cells forming the walls of the uterus but they are thicker and denser.
Myometrial fibroids can even cause infertility in the affected woman. Such a defective fibroid formation has to be well taken care of by knowing all aspects of the disorder, which are detailed below. Whatever the type of fibroid may be, the symptoms it can cause may not be the same from one person to another. For some, the symptoms may not even be exhibited. Although the size of the fibroid becomes huge, they may never harm the uterus as they are situated away from the fallopian tubes or the womb. If the fibroid grows huge near the fallopian tubes, however, it can cause infertility in the woman.
Other common symptoms that a woman in her reproductive years may face due to myometrial fibroids are severe pain in the lower abdominal region and in the pelvic region. She also may experience frequent and prolonged menstrual bleeding. Myometrial fibroids can be of two types, namely: the subserosal fibroids and the intramural fibroids. Both these types of fibroids grow on the inner wall of the uterus. Women often get a feeling of fullness in the pelvic region. Some may even experience pain during sex and will be bothered by frequent urination.
The symptoms of myometrial fibroids should be observed and after a proper diagnosis, treatment must be carried out so as to prevent problems during pregnancy and childbirth. Uterine fibroids of any type are diagnosed with radiologic methods. Ultrasound is one of the most commonly used methods for determining the presence of myometrial fibroids. If the fibroids are not detected by ultrasound, the next method of diagnosis to be used would be a magnetic resonance imaging technique. Some other methods for diagnosing uterine fibroids are uterine biopsy, hysteroscopy, and sonohysterogram. In complicated cases, some instruments are introduced into the uterus to find the exact location and size of the uterine fibroid.
Myometrial fibroids need treatment when they exhibit serious and problematic symptoms in the affected person. Initially, only medications are prescribed for the patient to control further growth of the myometrial fibroids by reducing estrogen secretion. Over time, when medication does not prove too useful, surgical methods are considered, especially when the fibroids attain very large sizes. Large fibroids have been known to cause problems during childbirth and may even affect a woman’s fertility. One particular type of fibroid removal surgery known as hysterectomy involves the removal of the entire uterus, which in certain situations may be the only way to stop the recurrence of fibroids. Some problems arising from myometrial fibroids may remain for the rest of a woman’s life and so they should be treated at the appropriate time.